• Brigita Janečková
  • Miroslava Člupková
  • Hana Kalová
  • Věra Vlachová
  • Jan Langhans
  • Miroslav Verner
  • Vladimír Kostka
  • Petr Petr


 Humic substances represent the essence of the chemical impact of peloid baths, e.g. baths in peat and mud, and eventually in their extracts. This chemical effect is beneficially associated with flotation, compressive and thermic effects. Whether, and at which level the transition of humic substances has an effect on the patient’s body, has been a subject of an ongoing debate for years. In this context, the importance of the application of the bath temperature, the degree of ionization and current pH are all highlighted. In a simple formula, we have followed the behaviour of humic substances to the patient’s exposure to the whole-body bath. The concentration of humic substances in the bath was monitored after the addition of 100 ml of aqueous extract containing 54 g/l placed into the bath with warm water (39°C) with or without a patient/client. 250 ml samples were taken at the following time intervals 0 = start, 15 min., 20 min. and 30 min. After making adjustments for evaporation, the concentrations of humic substances in samples from the baths with or without a patient/client, were compared. The concentration differences were recalculated per 1 m2 of the body surface of the exposed person. The results lead us to the assumption that in a selected system it can be expected that the concentrations decrease (and therefore likely extraction to the skin of an exposed person) by 4 mg/m2 of the body surface of the exposed person. Expressed quantitatively, it is a minimum of 477.27 mg/m2 of the body surface of an exposed person.


Asdrubali, F. (2009). A scale model to evaluace water evaporation from indoor swimming pools. Energy and Buildings. 41: 311–319.

Ascheim, S., Holweg, W. (1933). Über das Vorkommen östrogene Wirkstoffe in Bitumen. Detsch. Med. Wochenschr. 59: 12–14.

Amosova, Y. et al. (1990). Humic acids in the therapeutic muds with a special reference to their physiological activity. J. Kurortol. Fizioter. 27/4: 1–6.

Bellometti, S., Giannini, S., Sartori, L., Crepaldi, G. (1997). Cytokine levels in osteoarthrosis patients undergoing mud bath therapy. Int. J. Clin. Pharmacol. Res. 17/4: 149 –153.

Bittner, M. (2007). Ecotoxicological Aspects uf Humic Substances.Dissertation Thesis in Environmental Chemistry. Brno: Masaryk University, Faculty of Science, RECETOX, Research Centre for Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology.

Boland, W. (1995). The chemistry of gamete attraction: Chemical structures, biosynthesis, and (a)biotic degradation of algal pheromones. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA. 92: 37–43.

Bowen, I.S. (1926). The Ratio of Heat Losses by Conduction and Evaporation from any Water Surface. Phys. Rev. 27: 779–787.

Brožek, B. (1981). Fyzikálněchemická aktivita peloidních procedur. Fysiatr. Vest. 59/3: 145–155.

Flaig, W., Goecke, C., Kauffeis, W. (Eds.) (1988). Moortehrapie-Grundlagen und Anwendungen. Wien, Berlin: Überreuter.

Höss, S., Jüttner, I., Transpurgerd, W., Pfisterb, G., Schramm, K.W., Steinberg, C.E. (2002). Enhanced growth and reproduction of Caenorhabditis elegant (Nematoda) in the presence of 4-nonylphenol. Environ. Poluit. 120/2: 169–172.

Iubitskaya, N.S., Ivanov, E.M. (1999). Sodium humate in the treatment of osteoarthrosis patiens. Kurortol. Fizioter. Sech. Fiz. Kurtol. 5: 22–24.

Jandová, D. (2008). Balneologie. Praha: Grada Publishing, a. s., 404 s. ISBN 938-80-247-2820-9.

Jandová, D. (2010). Balneologie – česká lázeňská medicína na počátku třetího tisíciletí. Zdravotnické noviny, příloha Lékařské listy. 14/2010.

Jurcsik, I. (1994). Possibilites of applying humic acids in medicine (wound healing and cancer therapy). In: Senesi N, Miano T (eds.). Humic Substances in the Global Environment, pp. 1331–1336, Amsterdam, London, New York, Tokyo: Elsevier.

Kloecking, R., Helbig, B. (2005). Medical Aspects and Applications of Humic Substances. In: Biopolymers for Medical and Pharmaceutical Applications. Edited by Steinbuechel A and Marchessault RH, Copyright 2005, WILEY-VCH, GmbH and Co., KGaA, Weinheim.

Kolarik, R. (1988). Über die Anwendung von Präparaten aus Torf., bzw. Huminstoffen, bei gynäkologischen Erkrankungen. In: Flaig W et al. (eds.): Moortherapie: Grundlagen und Anwendungen, pp. 177–197.

Mesrogli, M., Maas, D.H.A., Mauss, B., Plogman, S., Eichmann, W., Schneider, J. (1991). Erfolgreiche Adhäsionsprofylaxe durch Anwendung von Moor rund Huminsäuren. Zent.bl. Gynäkol. 113: 583–590.

Petr, P. (2004). Kvalita života v balneologii, Nástroj k hodnocení výsledků a účinnosti balneoterapie. České Budějovice: Jihočeská univerzita, Zdravotně sociální fakulta.

Petr, P. a kol. (2009). Stříbrná stuha Lipenska: rašelina a rašelinové extrakty – naše společné dědictví v česko-bavorsko-rakouském příhraničí. Frymburk: Městys Frymburk.

Petr, P., Verner, M., Kalová, H., Janečková, B., Vačkářová, O., Zezulková, I. (2012). Huminové látky v balneologii. Současný stav a perspektivy. Kontakt. 14/1: 94–98.

Sartori, E. (2000). A critical review on equations employed for the calculation of the evaporation rate from free water surfaces. Solar Energy. 68/1: 77–89.

Shah, M. M. (2003). Prediction of evaporation from occupational indoor swimming pools. Energy and Buildings. 35/7: 707–713.

Schneider, J., Weis, J., Männer, C., Kary, B., Werner, A., Seubert, B.J., Riede, U.N. (1996). Inhibition of HIV-1 in cell culture by synthetic humate analogues derived from hydroquinone: mechanism of inhibition. Virology. 217: 389–395.

Schultz, H. (1962). Die viricide Wirkung der Huminsäeuren im Torfmuel auf das Virus der Maul - und Klauenseuche. Dtsch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 6: 613–616.

Steinberg, C.E., Höss, S., Kloas, W., Lutz, I., Meinelt, T., Pflugmacher, S,, Wiegand, C. (2004). Hormonelike effects of humic substances on fish, amphibians and invertebrates. Environ. Toxicol. 19/4: 409–411.

Tang, R., Etzion, Y. (2004). Comparative studies on the water evaporation rate from wetted surfaces and from a free water surface. Building and Environment. 39: 77–86.

Taugner, B. (1963). Tierexperimentelle Untersuchungen über ein Nartriumhumat-Salicylsäure-Bad. Arzneimittelforschung. 13: 329–333.

Vačkářová, O. (2011). Vliv třeboňské lázeňské léčby na některé laboratorní ukazatele u člověka. Nepublikovaná data. Osobní sdělení. Prim. MUDr. Olga Vačkářová, Lázně Aurora, s. r. o., Třeboň.

Vašková, J., Veliká, B., Pilátová, M., Kron, I., Vaško, L. (2011). Effects of humic acids in vitro. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. Anim. 47: 376–382.

Whitehouse, A.G.R., Hancock, W., Haldane, J.S. (1932). The Osmotic Passage of Water and Gases through the Human Skin. Proceedings of Royal Society London, Series B. 111, Np.: 773: 412–429.

Zeman, M. (2013). Základy fyzikální terapie. České Budějovice: Jihočeská univerzita, Zdravotně sociální fakulta.

Zezulková, I. (2012). Analýza těla TANITA, analyzér tělesné komposice BC-418. Jeho využití při sledování vlivu třeboňské lázeňské léčby u stavů po totální aloplastické endoprotéze kloubu kyčelního. Nepublikovaná data. Osobní sdělení. Prim. MUDr. Ivana Zezulková, Bertiny lázně Třeboň, s. r. o.