• Svatoslav VALENTA Palacký University Olomouc
  • Rudolf PSOTTA College of Physical Education and Sport, PALESTRA
  • Jakub HRABAL Palacky University, Olomouc


muscle power output; bicycle ergometer; fatigue index; sprint; vertical jump


Abstract: BACKGROUNDː Several studies have examined the effects of creatine supplementation in adult athletes in season or pre-season preparation. However, few studies have examined the effects of creatine supplementation in adolescent soccer players during reduced training in an off-season. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the effects of short-term creatine monohydrate supplementation on the anaerobic performance and body composition in adolescent soccer players during reduced training in an off-season. METHODSː Using a double-blind experiment design, 16 soccer players (aged 18.0 ± 0.8 yr) were randomly assigned to 5 days of either 20 g . day-1  creatine monohydrate (Cr) or placebo supplementation. One day before and a day after the supplementation, participants completed squat and countermovement jumps (SJ, CMJ), 10-m running sprint,  6-s single cycling sprint (CST), an intermittent anaerobic test on a bicycle ergometer (10 x 6s, IAnTBE) and measurement of body composition. RESULTSː Cr supplementation had no significant effect (p > .05) on any performance test. However, effect size values indicated medium or small clinical significance in SJ (d = 0.59), CST (6-s power, d = 0.50; peak power, d = 0.48) and IAnTBE (best peak power, d = 0.44; post-exercise blood lactate concentration, d = - 0.59; fatigue index, d = - 0.28 ). Relative to the placebo, Cr supplementation resulted in a significant increase in body weight (BW) (p = .015). CONCLUSIONSː The results of the study suggest that short-term Cr supplementation administered to adolescent soccer players during their off-season significantly increase body weight and could have small/medium clinical significance effect on improve lower-body maximal anaerobic power output and power output recovery during maximal intermittent exercise. The study also confirms that Cr supplementation is safe and without side effects for adolescent athletes.

Author Biographies

Svatoslav VALENTA, Palacký University Olomouc

Department of Natural Sciences in Kinanthropology

Rudolf PSOTTA, College of Physical Education and Sport, PALESTRA

Department of Wellness and Nutrition, professor

Jakub HRABAL, Palacky University, Olomouc

Department of Natural Sciences in Kinanthropology


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