The study was elaborated within the project GAČR ID 17-25710S „Basic research of balance changes in seniors“. The aim of the study was to verify the feasibility of the intervention program “Life in Balance” in the conditions of a spa stay in Jupiter Bechyně Spa for seniors 65+ and to prove that the spa environment. Twenty participants (16 females, 4 males) in the age interval of 65 to77 years old, attending comprehensive spa care, underwent the balance intervention as a part of their spa care. The following diagnostic methods were used: Medical Anamnesis, Functional anthropological examination; Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool, Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the scale “Anamnestic Self-Assessment”. The Tinetti dynamic balance score as well as the Tinetti overall balance score of the participants improved significantly after the intervention. The intervention method “Life in Balance” can be implemented into the spa program of seniors 65+. It can influence significantly the overall balance ability. The spa environment is a very suitable place for such an intervention and it is possible to recommend the intervention program “Life in Balance” as a part of the spa medical rehabilitation care.

Key words: Bio-psycho-social aspects of balance, Intervention „Life in Balance“, Seniors 65+, Spa.

Acknowledgement: Research was supported and funded by the Czech Science Foundation – project GAČR ID 17-25710S “Basic research of balance changes in seniors”.

Full Text:



Benzo, R. P., Novotny, P. J., Karpman, C., & Depew, Z. S. (2013). Correlations between gait speed, 6-minute walk distance, physical activity, and self-efficacy in patients with severe chronic lung disease. Respiratory Care, 12, 2113-2119.

Bláha P. (2017). Funkční a sportovní antropologie – vybrané metody. Praha: VŠTVS Palestra.

Bukova, A., Hagovska, M., Drackova, D., Horbacz, A., Wasik, J., & Krucanica, L. (2019). Awareness of patients suffering from selected chronic diseases of the importance of physical activity in treating their disorders. Physical Activity Review, 7, 234-239.

Buso, A., Comelli, M., Picco, R., Isola, M., Magnesa, B., Pišot, R., & Mavelli I. (2019). Mitochondrial adaptations in elderly and young men skeletal muscle following 2 weeks of bed rest and rehabilitation. Frontiers in Physiology, 10, 474 DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2019.00474

Büssing, A., Michalsen, A., Khalsa, S.R., Telles, S., & Sherman, K.J. (2012). Effects of yoga on mental and physical health. A short summary of reviews. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 165410. doi:10.1155/2012/165410

Butterfield, N., Schultz, T., Rasmussen, P., & Proeve, M. (2017). Yoga and mindfulness for anxiety and depression and the role of mental health professionals: a literature review. Journal of Mental Health Training Education and Practice, 12(1), 44-54.

Cramer, H., Lauche, R., Langhorst, J., & Dobos, G. (2013). Yoga for Depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Depression and Anxiety, 30(11), 1068-1083.

Cramer, H., Ward, L., Steel, A., Lauche, R., Dobos, G., & Zhang, Y. (2016). Prevalence, patterns, and predictors of yoga use results of a US Nationally Representative Survey. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 50(2), 230-235.

Chatterjee, S., & Mondal, S. (2014). Effect of regular yogic training on growth hormone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate as an endocrine marker of aging. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternatve Medicine, 2014, ID 240581.

CSU (2019). Senioři a zdraví. Dostupné z: czso/seniori-v-cr-v-datech-2018

Dellinger, A. (2017). Older adult falls: Effective approaches to prevention. Current Trauma Reports, 3(2): 118–123.

EU (2016). Senior Entrepreneurship: Best practices exchange. Brussel: Development Solutions Europe Ltd.

Gilleard, Ch., & Higgs, P. (2005) Contexts of ageing: Class, cohort and community. Cambridge: Polity.

Gillespie, L. D., Robertson, M. C., Gillespie, W. J., Sherrington, C., Gates, S., Clemson, L. M., & Lamb, S. E. (2012). Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 9, CD007146.

Hafström, A., Malmström, E.M., Terdèn, J., Fransson, P.A, & Magnusson, M. (2016). Improved balance confidence and stability for elderly after 6 weeks of a multimodal self-administered balance-enhancing exercise program: A randomized single arm crossover study. Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine, 2.

Hošek, V. (2017). Anamnestic Self-Assessment. In: Krejčí, M. Sub-report from the GAČR project ID 17-25710S "Basic research on changes in the balance of seniors". Prague: Czech Science Foundation.

Jandová, D. (2009) Balneologie. Praha: Grada Publishing, 2009.

Jandová, D., Formanová, P., Morávek, O. (2018) Pre-senium as a preparing period for senium – benefits of spa stay in the Priessnitzs´ spa, ltd in clients 50+. Acta Salus Vitae, 2018, 6 (1): 42-50.

Kinser, P. A., Goehler, L. E., & Taylor, A. G. (2012). How might yoga help depression? A neurobiological perspective. Explore (New York, N.Y.), 8(2), 118-126.

Krejčí, M., & Kornatovská, Z. (2018). Yoga applications in persons with disabilities. In E. Bolach, & A. Kawczynski (Eds.). Adaptacyjna aktywnoscz fizyczna. [Adapted physical activity]. Wroclaw: AWF, 104-127.

Krejčí, M., Tilinger,P., Hošek, V. a kol. (2018). Výzkum adekvátního pohybového režimu v konceptu wellness. Praha: Vysoká škola tělesné výchovy a sportu Palestra.

Krejčí, M., Hošek, V. (2018) Identification characteristics of the intervention method “Life In Balance” focused on seniors 65+. Acta Salus Vitae, 2018, 6(2): 45-54. Available from:

Maheshwarananda, P. S. (2000). Yoga in daily life: The system. Vienna: Ibera Verlag/European University Press.

Montepare, J. M. (2019). An exploration of subjective age, actual age, age awareness, and engagement in everyday behaviors. European Journal of Ageing, 16, 1-9.

Ryff, C. D., Singer, B. H. Know Thyself and Become What You Are: A Eudaimonic Approach to Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Happiness Studies. 2008, 9(1):13–39.

Sato, K., & Iemitsu, M. (2018). The role of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in skeletal Muscle. Vitamins and Hormones, 108, 205-221.

Shumway-Cook, A., & Woollacott, M. H. (2016). Motor control. Translating research into clinical practice. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer.

Tinneti, M.E., Richman, D., Powell, L. (1990) Falls efficacy as a measure of fear of falling. J Gerontol, 1990; 45(6): 239-243. doi: 10.1093/geronj/45.6.p239

Ware, J. E., Snow, K. K., Kosinski, M., Gandek, B. (1993). SF-36® Health Survey Manual and Interpretation Guide. Boston, MA: New England Medical Center, The Health Institute.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

The College of Physical Education and Sport PALESTRA, L.t.d.