The further the more attention is paid to the importance of physical activity in cancer patients. In recent years, we have seen a rapid increase in the number of patients having been cured successfully thanks to improved cancer screening, detection and treatment methods. There have been various studies on the effect of exercise as an effective way to prevent and improve the effects of cancer treatment. Given the severity of the disease, physicians and physiotherapists are very thoroughful, and the recommendations are more patient-specific and focused on the particular diagnosis. Objective: To get acquainted with the fulfilment of recommendations for performing physical activities by cancer patients.

Methods: The study group consisted of 102 patients diagnosed with some of the oncological diseases. One of the important criteria for inclusion in the study was the fact that the diagnosis did not prevent performance of physical activity. To obtain the research data we used the questionnaire method. Results: Patients involved in our study, in the prevention and treatment of their health problems, put particular emphasis on regular medical check-ups and nutrition and eating habits. In terms of priorities, physical activity is only ranking fourth in this respect. The vast majority of patients involved in the study had been informed about the importance of purposeful physical activity by physicians; however, nearly half of the patients admitted that they had never talked to the attending physician about recommendations for physical activity. The most common activities that patients undertake are domestic chores and walks.

Conclusions: The data obtained suggest that some patients are not sufficiently physically active, a number of them are not even aware of the role and importance of physical activity in the treatment of their disease. There are even patients who do not consider such information relevant. This study was supported by Grant project 1/0825/17 "Recommendations for physical activities in prevention and control of non-communicable diseases and their implementation in the eastern part of Slovakia" implemented at P.J. Šafárik University in Košice.

Keywords: Oncological diseases. Patients. Physical activity. Prevention. Awareness.

Funding. This study was supported by the scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences under the Grant No. 1/0825/17 „Recommendations for physical activities in prevention and control of non-communicable diseases and their implementation in the eastern part of Slovakia.“.

Ethics approval and consent to participate. The protocol was approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice (approval No. PJSU-0825/17-1).

Competing interests. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. 

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